Common French false friends - Elblogdeidiomas.es Elblogdeidiomas.es

Common French false friends

common French false friends
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The phonic proximity between French and Spanish can betray us and lead us to make mistakes.

ÍNDICE DE CONTENIDOS

In this article, we alert you to the false friends or faux amis and for this we provide you with alternative meanings, considering these phenomena of great importance for translation.

These errors are generally due to…

a) To false friends, that is, when the French term formally resembles the Spanish term but they have different meanings:

Examples:

Test repeter (theater) y no essayer (f.a.)
Length long y no large (f.a.)
Stain tache y no manche (F.a.)
Right away tout de suite y no ensuite (f.a.)

b) To one of the alternative meanings that the student chooses in the first place, attracted in some way, by the phonic similarity. These alternative meanings depend on the answer.

Examples:

Let me know previens-moi y no * avise-moi incorrect
Answer (question) répondre
y no * contester
incorrect
Cross (a street) traverser y no * croiser incorrect

We propose below a list of some terms of both cases, chosen based on the mistakes that the Spanish speaker commits most frequently.

In the central column we indicate the most common terms to use. The use of the terms in the third column is either incorrect (case of f.a.) or it may be subject to semantic nuances whose solution must be resolved with the help of a good dictionary

 Correct False friend
Agree décider accorder
Admiration étonnement admiración
Warn (verify) remarquer / faire remarquer advertir
Assemble monter / assembler armer
Arrive accoster arriver
Cuddle up se montrer / se pencher assommer
Service faire attention à / s’occuper de attendre
Warn (prevent) prévenir aviser
Bravo (prevent) sauvage brave
Celebrate avoir lieu Célébrer
Charlatán (talkative) bavard charlatan
Class (classification) sorte de /espèce classe
Musical time mesure un compas
Composse arranger conposer
Engage s’engager compromettre
Attendance affluence / assistance concurrence
Confess (not religion) avouer confesser
Contemplate envisager contempler
Answer répondre contester
Cross (the street) traverser croiser
Water cube seau cube
Shirt collar col cou
Misfortune malheur disgrâce
After après depuis
Skill adresse / habileté détresse
Reason penser / réfléchir discourir
Dislike contrariété dégoût
Fun distraction / amusement diversion
Spot apercevoir diviser
Bend plier doubler
Documentation papiers d’identité documentation
Meet trouver rencontrer
Ill malade enfermé
Rehearse (theater) répéter essayer
Right away tout de suite ensuite
Stairs escalier échelle
Wait for the bus attendre espérer
Thorn arête épine
Spoil abîmer estropier (blesser)
Squeeze presser exptimer
Factions (traits) traits du visage factions
Facilitate fournir faciliter (rendre facile)
Legit (sell on credit) garantir/vendre à crédit fiet
Wild cruel fier
Figure silhoutte figure
User information prospectus /brochure feuiller
Formal sérieux / poli formel
Fortune (luck) chance fortune
Fail échouer fracasser
Genius caractére génie
Gesture grimace Geste
Funny amusant gracieux
Farm ferme grange
Save ranger garder
Taste plaisir Goût
Room pièce / chambre habitación
Ask questions poser (des questions) faire
Ilusion joie, plaisir ilusion
Start commencer initier
Go into the forest pénétrer, s’enfoncer interner
Invest investir inverser
Retire prendre sa retraite jubiler, se réjouir
Length long large
Knock (on a door) frapper appeler
Stain tache manche
Manifest déclarer manifester
Keep faire vivre, nourir maintenir
Manifest déclarer manifester
Keep (feed) faire vivre, nourrir maintenir
Leave s’en aller marcher
Fathers parents pères
Countryman civil paysan
Taxi stop arrêt parade
Participate communiquer / faire part participer
Split diviser partir
Pass arriver passer
Petulance arrogance pétulance
Peak bec pic
Pillar (trap) attraper piller
Therefore donc, par conséquent pourtant
Prender (a pin) attacher / fixer prendre
Boast se vanter de présumer
Procure essayer de procurer
Provide procurer / fournir proportionner
Well puisque / car… puis
Put off Ôter quitter
Rare Étramge /insolite rare
Regular moyen / médiocre régulier
Repair remarquer réparer
Take obtenir sortir / tirer
Follow (this way) continuer suivre
Happen arriver /se produire succéder
Suffer supporter / subir soufrir
Table planche table
Mood humeur talent
Value courage valeur
Verify avoir lieu vérifier
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