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The German articles “der, die, das”

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The German articles “der, die, das”

INDEX OF CONTENTS

  • The article ‘der’ (the)
  • Endings give advice: they are masculine
  • The feminine article says “the”
  • Endings give advice: they are feminine
  • The neutral article (neutral) das (that)

In German as in many other languages, nouns differ by gender . Each noun also has a partner, the article. Since the gender of the noun is not normally seen in German , it is the article that provides information about it. So the best advice is: It is better to always learn the word along with the article!

But there are some suggestions that can be used to find the correct article: for example, by means of the meaning or the ending. But you have to be very careful: there are almost always exceptions.

Here you will learn an important part of German grammar: the German articles “der, die, das” – rules and explanations. Remember, this is a must for any official German exam

The article der (the)

First, a distinction can be made according to natural gender, that is, man, student, teacher, child, specialist.

  • Achtung bei: das Kind, das Baby!

Attention: the child, the baby!

  • Auch die Bedeutung gibt Hinweise: maskulin sind

The meaning also gives clues: they are masculine

  • Tageszeiten der Morgen, der Abend, etc.

Hours of the day in the morning, in the afternoon, etc.

  • Wochentage der Montag, der Mittwoch, der Freitag, etc.

Seasons of summer, winter, etc.

  • Wochentage  der Montag, der Mittwoch, der Freitag, etc.

Weekdays Monday, Wednesday, Friday, etc.

  • Monate der April, der Juni, der September, etc.

Months of April, June, September, etc.

  • Wetter der Regen, der Schnee, der Blitz, etc.

Respect rain, snow, lightning, etc.

  • Himmelsrichtungen der Süden, der Westen, der Osten, etc.

Cardinal points to the south, west, east, etc.

  • Automarken der VW, der Fiat, der Renault, etc.

Car brands of VW, Fiat, Renault, etc.

The endings also give advice: they are masculine

  • Er der Computer, der Drucker, der Laser, etc.

computer, printer, laser, etc.

  • Ling der Schmetterling, der Frühling, der Lehrling, etc.

the butterfly, the spring, the apprentice, etc.

  • Or der Professor, der Motor, der Reaktor, etc.

or the teacher, the engine, the reactor, etc.

  • ist der Journalist, der Pazifist, der Maschinist, etc.

he is the journalist, the pacifist, the machinist, etc.

  • der Mechanismus, der Journalismus, der Kapitalismus, etc.

the mechanism, journalism, capitalism, etc.

The feminine article die “the”

Here, too, a distinction can be made initially according to natural gender , that is, the woman, the teacher, the professor, the gifted.

  • Achtung bei: das Mädchen, das Weib!

Attention: the girl, the woman!

Again, the meaning gives clues: they are feminine.

  • Motorradmarken die Suzuki, die Harley Davidson, die Triumph

Motorcycle brands Suzuki, Harley Davidson, Triumph

  • Schiffsnamen die Queen Elisabeth, die Gorch Fock, die Europe, etc.

The ship names Queen Elisabeth, Gorch Fock, Europe, etc.

  • Flugzeuge die Boing, die Concorde, die Robin, etc.

Aircraft the Boing, the Concorde, the Robin, etc.

  • Zahlen die Eins, die Sieben, die Neun, etc.

Pay one, seven, nine, etc.

  • Blumen die Tulpe, die Rose, die Narzisse, etc.

The tulip, the rose, the narcissus, etc.

Endings give advice: they are feminine

  •  – e: die Lampe, die Ente, die Tasche, etc.

the lamp, the duck, the bag, etc.

  • -t: die Fahrt, die Naht, die Tat, etc.

On the walk, sewing, writing, etc.

  • -ei: die Bäckerei, die Tyrannei, die Wäscherei, etc.

the bakery, tyranny, laundry, etc.

  • -in: (va weibliche Berufe) die Professorin, die Studentin, die Prinzessin, etc.

(especially female professions) the teacher, the student, the princess, etc.

  • schaft: die Mannschaft, die Belegschaft, die Freundschaft, etc.

the team, the staff, the friendship, etc.

  • heit / -keit: die Freiheit, die Einsamkeit, die Möglichkeit, etc.

freedom, loneliness, opportunity, etc.

  • – ung die Zeitung, die Umleitung, die Meinung, etc.

the newspaper, fun, opinion, etc.

Foreign word endings are also useful: they are feminine

  • -ion: die Aktion, die Diskussion, die Tradition, etc.

of action, discussion, tradition, etc.

  • age: die Gage, die Passage, die Garage, etc.

old the rate, the passage, the garage, etc.

  • ur: die Manufaktur, die Agentur, die Partitur, etc.

just the making, the agency, the score, etc.

  • ik: die Musik, die Physik, die Metrik, etc.

ik music, physics, meter, etc.

  • anz: die Akzeptanz, die Toleranz, die Eleganz, etc.

Acceptance, acceptance, tolerance, elegance, etc.

  • tät: die Realität, die Modernität, die Qualität, etc.

makes reality, modernity, quality, etc.

  • ade: die Limonade, die Parade, die Marmelade, etc.

the lemonade, the parade, the jam, etc.

  • enzy: die Präsenz, die Prominenz, die Tendenz, etc.

En the presence, prominence, trend, etc.

The neutral article (neutral) gives “that”

Here, too, the meaning provides clues: they are neutral.

  • Farben das Blau, das Grün, das Weiß, etc.

Color blue, green, white, etc.

  • Metalle das Silber, das Gold, das Eisen, etc.

Metallizes silver, gold, iron, etc.

  • Chemische Elemente das Helium, das Uran, das Neon, etc.

Chemical elements helium, uranium, neon, etc.

  • Substantivierte Verben das Lesen, das Schlafen, das Schwimmen, et

Nouns, verbs to read, sleep, swim, etc.

  • Substantivierte Adjektive das Schöne, das Gute, das Helle, etc.

Nouns the beautiful, the good, the brilliant, etc.

The endings also give advice: they are neutral

  • Diminuitive (-chen / -lein) das Häuschen, das Mädchen, das Kindlein, etc.

Diminuitive (-chen / -lein) the little house, the girl, the boy, etc.

  • um das Museum, das Atomium, das Publikum, etc.

museum, the Atomium, the public, etc.

  • nis das Ereignis, das Wagnis, das Erlebnis, etc.

the event, the risk, the experience, etc.

  • tum das Ultimatum, das Beamtentum, das Brauchtum, etc.

ultimatums, bureaucracy, customs, etc.

  • ment das Regiment, das Parlament, das Instrument, etc.

the regiment, parliament, instrument, etc.

  • or das Auto, das Motto, das Kino, etc.

-or the car, the motto, the cinema, etc.

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