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Parts of speech in English

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Parts of speech in English

INDEX OF CONTENTS

  • Parts of the sentence
  • Prepositive phrases
  • Basic sentence structure
  • Functional types
  • Words with more than one function

In this article we will try to teach you what are parts of speech in English? In this regard, we must classify English words into 9 basic types called “parts of speech” or “classes of words . ” It is very important that you know how to recognize the parts of the speech. This will help you analyze sentences and understand them. It will also help you to correctly construct sentences.

Parts of a sentence 

The basic parts of a sentence in English are the subject, the verb, and (often, but not always) the object. The subject is usually a noun, a word that names a person, place or thing. A verb (or predicate) generally follows the subject and identifies an action or state of being. An object receives the action and generally follows the verb.

Prepositive phrases

Like adjectives and adverbs, prepositional phrases add meaning to nouns and verbs in sentences. A prepositional phrase has two basic parts : a preposition plus a noun or a pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition.

Basic sentence structure

 There are four basic sentence structures in English:

  • simple sentence is a sentence with a single independent clause (also called a main clause) – Judy laughed.
  • Compound sentence contains at least two independent clauses: Judy laughed and Jimmy cried.
  • complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause: Jimmy cried when Judy laughed.
  • Compound complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause: Judy laughed and Jimmy cried as the clowns ran past their seats.

Four functional types of sentences

 There are four main types of sentences that can be distinguished by their function and purpose:

  • declarative sentence makes a declaration: babies cry . (los bebes lloran).
  • An interrogative sentence asks a question: Why do babies cry? (¿Por qué lloran los bebes?)
  • An imperative sentence gives instructions or expresses a request or demand: Please, shut up (Por favor, callate).
  • An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feelings by making an exclamation: Shut up! (¡Cállate!)

Parts of the speech:

Part of speech

Function or job

Example words

Example sentences

Verb Action or status (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must EnglishClub is a web site. I like EnglishClub.
Name Thing or person pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John This is my dog. I have lives in my house. We live in London.
Adjective describe a noun good, big, red, well, interesting My dogs are big. I like big dogs.
Determined limits or “determines” a noun a / an the 2 some many I have two dogs and some rabbits.
Adverb limits or “determines” a noun quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really My dog ​​eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
Pronoun replace a noun I, you, he, she, some Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.
Preposition link a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but We went to school on Monday.
Conjunction join clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like dogs and cats.
Interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted in a sentence oh !, ouch !, hi !, well Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.

 

Some grammar sources traditionally classify English into 8 parts of speech . Others say 10. Examples of other categorizations are:

Verbs can be treated as two different parts of speech:

  • Lexical verbs (work, like, run)
  • Auxiliary verbs (be, have, must)
  • The determinants can be treated as adjectives, instead of being a separate part of the speech.

Examples of parts of speech

Here are some examples of sentences made with different parts of speech in English:

verb

Stop

 

Name

verb

John Works

 

Name

verb

verb

John Is Working

 

pronoun

verb

Name

She Loves Animals

 

Name

verb

Name

verb

Tara Speaks English Well

 

Name

verb

adjective

Name

Tara Speaks Good English

 

pronombre

verbo

preposición

determinado

nombre

adverbio

she ran to the station quickly.
ella corrió a la estación rápidamente

 

 

Pronombre

verbo

adjetivo

Nombre

conjunción

pronombre

verbo

Pronombre

She likes big snakes but I hate them
A ella Les gustan grandes Las serpientes pero yo odio las

Words with more than one function

Many English words can have more than one function or be more than one part of speech. For example, to work “trabajar” can be a verb and a noun; but “pero” can be a conjunction and a preposition; well “bien” can be an adjective, an adverb and an interjection. Also, many nouns can act as adjectives.

To analyze the part of speech, ask yourself: “What function does this word play in this sentence?

In the following table you can see some examples . Of course, there is more, even for some of the words in the table. In fact, if you look in a good dictionary, you will see that the word “but” has six tasks to do:

verb, noun, adverb, pronoun, preposition and conjunction

 

word

part of speech

example

work noun My work is easy.
work verb I work in London.
but conjunction John came but Mary didn’t eat
but preposition Everyone came but Mary.
well adjective Are you well ?
well adverb She speaks well .
well interjection Well ! That’s expensive
afternoon noun We ate in the afternoon
afternoon noun acting as adjective We had afternoon tea.

Remember! It is vitally important to obtain an official degree with which to indicate your level of English, here we leave you the closest calls.

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