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Comparatives and superlatives in French

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Comparatives and superlatives in French

The comparative and the superlative are used to establish a comparison . We speak of “degrees of comparison”. In French, there are several degrees of the adjective : comparatives of inferiority, equality and superiority , as well as the superlative in its three degrees: the absolute superlative , which is formed by an adverb that expresses a very high degree (very, strong, well, extremely , etc.) The relative superlative of superiority is formed by the plus + adjective + of and the relative superlative of inferiority is formed by the minus + adjective + of.

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What is the comparison and how to practice it?

The comparative is the first degree of comparison . We build it with the formulas like… like (comparison of equality), more… than (comparison of superiority) or less… than (comparison of inferiority). The adjective usually agrees in gender and number with the noun it is related to.

The superlative expresses the highest degree of a quality or a defect . It is built with the structures more… and / less… The adjective usually agrees in gender and number with the noun it refers to.

SUPÉRIORITE

INFÉRIORITÉ

SUPÉRIORITE

ADJECTIFS  

  • Plus … que

More than

  • Il est plus grand que son frère

He is bigger than his brother

 

Moins … que

Less than

  • Il est moins grand que sa soeur

He is shorter than his sister

Aussi … que

Also that

  • Elle est aussi grande que son frère

She is as tall as her brother

ADVERBES  

  • Plus … que

More than

  • Il mange plus vite que moi

Eat faster than me

 

  • Moins … que

Less than

  • Il mange moins vite que moi

He eats slower than me

  • Aussi … que

Also that

  • Il mange aussi vite que moi

He also eats faster than me

NOMS
  • Plus de… que

More than

  • Il ya plus d’élèves que l’année dernièr

There are more students than last year

  • Moins de… que

Less than … than

  • Il ya moins d’élèves que l’année dernière

There are fewer students than last year

  • Autant de… que

As much as

  • Il ya autant d’élèves que l’année dernière

There are as many students as last year

VERBES  

  • Plus que

More than

  • Il étudie plus que son frère

He studies more than his brother

 

 

  • Moins que

Less than

  • Il étudie moins que son frère

He studies less than his brother

 

 

  • Autant que

As much as

  • Il étudie autant que son frère

Study as much as his brother

 

 

Irregular comparative

  • Bon: Meilleur – meilleure – meilleurs – meilleures

Good: better – better – better – better

  • Ce travail est meilleur que celui de Jean.

This job is better than Jean’s.

  • Cette pomme est meilleure que celle du supermarché

This apple is better than the one in the supermarket

  • Ces bonbons au chocolat sont meilleurs que ceux aux café.

These chocolate candies are better than coffee ones.

  • Ces fraises sont meilleures que ces framboises.

These strawberries are better than these raspberries.

  • Good: mieux

Better

  • Elle chante mieux que moi.

She sings better than me

  • Tu parles mieux le français que l’italien.

You speak better French than Italian

The superlatives

ADJECTIFS Le/la/les plus +

adjectif Le/la/les moins + adjectif

Il est le plus grand

Elle est la moins petite

 

He is the biggest

She is the least small

ADVERBES Le plus + adverbe Le moins + adverbe Elle vient le plus vite

Il vient le moins vite

 

She comes the fastest

The slowest is coming

NOMS Le plus de + nom Le moins de + nom C’est lui qui achète le plus de trucs

C’est elle qui gagne le moins d’argent

 

He is the one who buys the most

She is the one who earns the least money

VERBES Verbe + le plus Verbe + le moins C’est lui qui a étudié le plus

C’est elle qui a parlé le moins

He was the one who studied the most

She was the one who spoke the least

The superlative of an adjective or adverb is the form of that adjective or adverb that indicates that something is characterized to the highest degree.

Relative superlative of superiority

Enter a comparison with a group of several individuals . The adjective is framed by: la plupart… de.

  • Cet élève est le plus talentueux de la classe

This student is the most talented in the class.

The group is sometimes implicit:

  • Il est le seul qui parle le plus fort

He is the only one who speaks the loudest.

Relative superlative of inferiority

The adjective is framed by : moins de. (less than ).

  • Il a acheté la moins chère des maisons.

He bought the least expensive of the houses.

Superlative absolute

Unlike the previous one, and as its name indicates, the absolute superlative quantifies without indicating or implying any element of comparison absolment, beaucoup, amusant, extrêmement, fort, merveilleusement, cool, comme ça, beaucoup, trop, etc. : (absolutely, a lot, fun, extremely, strong, wonderfully, cool, like that, a lot, too much, etc.):

  • Chante très bien.

Sings very well.

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